Ojos del Salado, the highest volcano on earth

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Ojos del Salado is not only the highest volcano on earth, it is with 6893 meters also the highest summit of Chile and of the province Catamarca in Argentina, and it is the second tallest peak of the Andes and outside of Asia in our world. Another particularly of Ojos del Salado in comparison to the other high mountains of Chile and Argentina is that you have to climb the last 50 meter to the summit, not very difficult (grade II to III). But you have to consider the enormous height of more than 6800 meters!

Ojos del Salado has a very good infrastructure including a base camp at the Laguna Verde and two mountain huts on the Chilean standard way to its Chilean summit.

After we had crossed the border between Argentina and Chile on the Paso San Francisco we checked the conditions of the ascent to the Ojos del Salado at the base camp at the Laguna Verde. Indeed there was a German young man on the summit today, and he ensured us that the conditions are very well, e.g. good steps in the snow and no snow on the climbing section. But there were two hooks: We have to pay 160U$ per person for the usage of the huts and we need a permit of DIFROL, which is the Chilean border control. The first one is ok, but the latter one means driving 270km very dirty and dusty road to Copiapo and back - In summary 540km deviation! So we promised Paula and Mario, the two mountain guides which administer the climbing to Ojos del Salado, to come back in two days, if the weather forecast is good.

Ojos del Salado on the left side - unusual white

On the way down to Copiapo, we saw some sights which indicate that you are in one of the driest part of the world, the Atacama Desert.

Don't run away - Somebody is waiting for you

 

In Copiapo we had to wait two days for the permit, because it is issued in Santiago. But it is free of charge. Unfortunately Copiapo has no camping ground, but we found a very nice one 20km West of it, in a farm (including Internet via UTMS).

Our camping place at a farm

 

We used the spare day to check the environment of the farm. And we found our first Geo cache including a travel bug in Chile!

The environment of the farm including the Panamericana

 

The weather forecast was excellent for the next three days, a lot of sun and no wind even at the summit of Ojos del Salado. But for March 22nd, the fourth day, a weather change was predicted with storm in afternoon. Consequently we had to be fast and we grabbed our permit and drove back to the Laguna Verde. To promote further acclimatization we did a short mountain tour from Portezuelo de Tres Cruzes to Cerro Los Portezuelos, which is with 4852 meters higher than the tallest peaks of the Alps and California (GPS coordinates: S27° 01.674' W68° 54.526').

On top of Cerro Los Portezuelos - Cerro Tres Cruzes in the background (with 6748 meters the 2nd highest in this region)

 

We came back in the late afternoon to Laguna Verde and agreed with Paula that Mario drive us to the Refugio Atacama on the next morning. Mario was with a client on Ojos del Salado.

Laguna Verde

 

It became dark and Mario did not return. There is a voice radio on the Atacama hut and Mario has also one portable, but no message from him. Paula became very nervous, so we drove with her to the Police station some kilometers in direction border. But the Police disappeared. Finally at 11:00PM Mario's voice was on the radio, he had some trouble with his client due to lack of acclimatisation. He came back at 1:00AM; his client was picked up by his friends.

We arrived at Refugio Atacama at late afternoon and got some instructions from Mario how to use the voice radio (GPS coordinates: S27° 03.592' W68° 32.865'). Due to battery issues we should use it only in emergency cases. There was still enough time to head to the upper Tejos hut to depose some equipment there.

Breakfast at Refugio Atacama - 5200 meters high

 

We slept very well at the Atacama hut, which is already 5200 meters high, so we dared to move to the higher Tejos hut (5825 meters, GPS coordinates: S27° 05.261' W68° 32.298'). And we were totally alone on both huts. The night on the Tejos hut was a little bit less comfortable, due to the altitude and coldness. We wake up at 4:00AM on March 21st 2011 and started the ascent to Ojos del Salado. But Marion's feet became so cold that we had to return and to warm the feet with a bottle with hot water. We started again at 8:00AM, when the sun came.

6000 meters exceeded, but still a long way to go 

Approximately 6300 meters achieved, but still a long way ...

 

The crater at 6700 meters, but we still had to climb up the gully and ridge right on it

 

Finally at 6:00PM we arrived at the summit of Ojos del Salado, after 10 hours heavy fighting (GPS coordinates: S27° 06.571' W68° 32.414'). The last hours we had to stop every few meters to breathe and to recover. For us very astonishing was that the climbing was less exhausting than we expected. It is not very difficult and there is a fixed rope, but it is very steep and exposed. No false step is allowed. It seemed that our bodies had produced a lot of Adrenaline the last few meters.

The last few steps to the summit

The view from the top was overwhelming and the weather conditions were unbelievable: No wind and reasonable temperatures at 6893 meters!

On 6893 meters, our highest point so far

 

View to the volcanos in Argentina

 

Banco de Chile is everywhere, also on Chile's highest point

 

But our return became very late. Fortunately we were able to cross the critical steps during day light, but darkness felt in at 8:30PM. Suddenly we saw car lights few hundred meters below us. There was no road? Few minutes later we saw a single light heading to us. It was Mario picking us up. We were very happy seeing him and embraced him. Maybe his lesson about the usage of the mobile voice radio had been too strict; we had no emergency case or accident. Together we returned to the four wheel car, where Paula was waiting. We were back at our car on Laguna Verde around midnight, fortunately because the Tejos hut was fully occupied by a bigger French group. Thanks a lot Paula and Mario.

We slept very long the next day. During our breakfast at 1:00PM we saw Paula swimming in Laguna Verde. Of course Alfred had to do the same.

Alfred's highest swim at 4300 meters for ever - It's soooo cold

 

Warming up after the cold swim in the hot springs

 

After we exchanged our pictures, we sad god bye to Paula and Mario and returned to Copiapo.

Paula with the Laguna Verde

 

For more pictures, please click here                          For a map of our itineraries, please click here

To download the GPS coordinates file of Chile, click here

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Comments 

 
#2 WowCereus verde 2013-04-13 11:24
:lol: wow I'm speechless
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#1 Whawwww !Anne Fallet 2011-08-02 10:36
What to say more after reading this !

Grandiose !!

Sincerely
Anne
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